The population movement crisis that unfolded in 2016 resulted in the displacement of people from Rakhine, Myanmar, who crossed the border into Bangladesh. The situation continues today in the form of a protracted crisis due to the colossal number of internally displaced people – 896,879 people – who depend entirely on humanitarian assistance to meet their daily needs amid uncertain their future, including the possibility of repatriation. These needs cover food and basic needs, access to health services and drinking water, shelter, protection services and preparedness for seasonal cyclones and monsoon rains, and health disasters such as pandemics, as well as protection against the impacts of environmental and ecosystem degradation. The evolution of the crisis is also manifested by the persistent challenges facing the local community (also known as the host community) in terms of livelihoods and the local economy, among other factors, brought about by the presence of a large number of internally displaced persons from Rakhine (hereinafter referred to as âinternally displaced personsâ or âcamp communityâ).
The government of Bangladesh called on the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) to respond to the emergency in December 2016, in line with the National Society’s mandate to provide humanitarian services as an auxiliary to the government. Thus, an international operation was launched with the support of the IFRC DREF, followed by an emergency appeal in March 2017 which was revised six times, the last revision covering the period from June 30, 2020 to December 31, 2021. . of people displaced in August 2017 (with some 500,000 people believed to have crossed the border between August and early October 2017 alone) led to a major revision of the emergency appeal in October 2017 to meet more needs ( see calendar). The revised emergency appeal for the next three years (that this operational strategy complements) includes the seventh revision and marks a new phase of the IFRC’s support to BDRCS in its continued response to the protracted crisis, and in accordance with the request of the Government of Bangladesh continue to provide humanitarian services as an auxiliary.
As of June 30, 2021, the financial coverage of the existing emergency call was 70% 7. The funding has already reached 873,434 displaced members and host communities through the Cyclone Preparedness Program (CPP) alone through disaster risk reduction programming as part of the emergency appeal, while a combination of other sectoral supports reached 300,000 people among displaced and host communities.